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Publication Date: September 17, 2020
Post Date: September 17, 2020

This journal article proposes some effective, low cost, low resource solutions for diagnosing anthrax in animals. 

Tags: anthraxanthrax outbreakanthrax identification

Publication Date: September 15, 2020
Post Date: September 15, 2020

The Guardian article provides a summary of the major outbreaks that have been linked to industrial farming.

Tags: animal and human healthanimal disease outbreakzoonotic disease

Publication Date: September 15, 2020
Post Date: September 15, 2020

Scientists from Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and the US have developed a point-of-care test for both the Lassa virus and Ebola virus that is accurate, fast, and cheap.The test is based on SHERLOCK a new diagnostic that uses CRISPR technology to detect genetic fingerprints that indicate the presence of pathogens in a sample. The test can be done in any environment with minimal equipment powered with solar panels or a small generator.

 

Tags: EbolaLassa fever virusdiagnostic technology

Publication Date: September 15, 2020
Post Date: September 15, 2020

A recent study examined four seasonal human coronaviruses (not SARS CoV-2) to determine the reinfection rate. The study, conducted on healthy individuals over 35 years, found that reinfection with the same seasonal coronavirus occurred frequently at 12 months after infection.

Tags: coronaviruscoronavirus, reservoirimmunity

Publication Date: September 14, 2020
Post Date: September 22, 2020

Many countries on the African continent continue to struggle with disease outbreaks such as Ebola and Lassa virus in the midst of the global COVID-19 pandemic. Scientists in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and the US have developed an inexpensive, efficient point of care test for Ebola and Lassa to help manage the detection of outbreaks with limited resources. 

Tags: EbolaLassaoutbreak detection

Publication Date: September 2, 2020
Post Date: September 2, 2020

As of 30 August 2020, the World Health Organization reports 109 cases (103 confirmed, 6 probable) 47 deceased, 43 recovered of Ebola Virus Disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo. 

Tags: EbolaEbola outbreakEbola response. Democratic Republic of Congo

Publication Date: September 2, 2020
Post Date: September 2, 2020

A recent study shows a surveillance approach of shooting and testing deer likely to harbor the causative agent of chronic wasting disease (CWD) without leading to undesirable population declines can be successful. 

Tags: chronic wasting diseaseanimal disease controlanimal disease countermeasures

Publication Date: September 2, 2020
Post Date: September 2, 2020

The World Health Organization released guidelines for the use of Azithromycin for the use in children in Sub Saharan Africa to decrease infant mortality. 

Tags: antibiotic distributionantibiotic resistanceantibiotic best practice

Publication Date: August 31, 2020
Post Date: September 24, 2020

Detection methods for the SARS-CoV-2 virus often involves reactive measures - such as testing individuals based on suspected exposure and/or symptomology. Time from initial individual exposures to testing results can be days or even weeks. Monitoring viral RNA particles in sewage may lessen the time from exposure to detection. Wastewater sewage surveillance is one method being explored as a way to examine a population directly, as well as trend prediction, and potentially estimate numbers of infected individuals in a population.

Tags: biosurveillanceCOVID-19sewage covid

Publication Date: August 31, 2020
Post Date: September 2, 2020

In an effort to keep students, faculty, and staff safe and prevent widespread transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, Cornell University plans to test 5,000 to 7,000 students, faculty and staff per day for COVID-19, with results available within 24 hours. Development of the techniques, validation of the testing, and construction of the capacity to offer surveillance testing of this magnitude has taken place rapidly with the university and local and county medical resources working together.

Tags: COVID-19testing