This document reports on the status of the 13 AFRO Emerging and Dangerous Pathogen Laboratory Network (AFR EDPLN) laboratories.
The pace of biotechnology innovation has left gaps that could be exploited to gain access to the pathogens or tools needed to create biological weapons.
This report outlines the what a resilient academic biomedical research community might look, and how such resilience can be achieved.
The tool enables the relative ranking of different infectious disease threats, to support decision-making in preparedness planning.
"Agricultural, chemical, and petroleum manufacturing and distribution facilities throughout the United States present viable targets for terrorists who want to develop and use Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). These manufacturing and distribution facilities contain various chemical, fertilizer, or petroleum products ideal for the production of a WMD. These facilities could be targeted to generate an industrial release or to purchase or steal chemical, fertilizer, and/or petroleum products for use in the development of a WMD.
"Recent events have shown that the United States is not impervious to acts of terrorism intended to inflict death, injury, and destruction of assets within our borders. Current information indicates that, regardless of location, American infrastructures and citizens will continue to be targets of terrorist activities. Terrorists have demonstrated their willingness to employ asymmetrical warfare to achieve their goals. Agroterrorism represents one such class of nontraditional warfare.
"Acts of agricultural terrorism, critical technology theft , espionage, the loss of domestic production autonomy, and international export market competitiveness have severe consequences for (1) the economic security of the agricultural community, (2) the technological research and development sector, (3) the perception of food safety and food security, and (4) the economic stability and national security of the United States."
From Animal-Plant Health Sector Defense: Awareness and Outreach
"The Problem: An intentional release of an animal or plant pathogen/toxin may be difficult to discern from a natural or accidental outbreak.
The Solution: Joint criminal & epidemiological investigations allow animal/plant experts & law enforcement to utilize each other's strengths & resources."
From Animal/Plant Health Joint Criminal-Epidemiological Investigations
"FBI investigations indicate economic espionage and trade secret theft against US agricultural and biotechnology companies and institutes is on the rise. Over the past two years, foreign actors have targeted and collected against US companies, universities and government research facilities for agricultural information concerning plant genome, new variety development, breeding programs and advanced manufacturing processes.
This report offers suggestions for ways governments and development partners can finance investments in country and regional preparedness and response capacities for pandemics.