Scientists were able to determine that the strain that had sickened the patient had been in circulation in the hospital for at least a year prior to the patient's death, spreading between patients and throughout the wards of the hospital. It even traveled among the three campuses of the hospital, which were miles apart. The analysis also found that the isolates of the highly drug-resistant outbreak strain were carrying multiple antibiotic resistance genes and plasmids.
In the first comprehensive review of access to water, sanitation, and hygiene services (WASH) in healthcare centers, Unicef and the World Health Organization (WHO) found that roughly two billion people use health facilities lacking basic water services globally – while almost 900 million people use health centers with no water services at all.
The risks involved in medical tourism aren't just personal. Having surgery abroad could also mean bringing back a drug-resistant superbug and putting people in the patient’s home country at risk, Canadian officials warn.
Recent testing showed the organism infecting the patient, an Enterobacteriaceae, also included a rare antibiotic-resistant gene known as MCR-1. It does not appear the infection was acquired at the hospital.
Plumbing systems are an infrequent but known reservoir for opportunistic microbial pathogens that can infect hospitalized patients. In 2016, a cluster of clinical sphingomonas infections prompted an investigation.
Scientists from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) have introduced a prototype instrument that can directly measure antimicrobial resistant phenotypes at single-cell resolution from clinical samples within three hours, without the need for cell propagation.
Researchers sequenced whole genomes of superbugs from a large sample of different animals as well as humans to study the DNA changes that helped the bacteria to adapt to new host organisms during thousands of years.
The antibiotics (odilorhabdin) are produced by symbiotic bacteria found in soil-dwelling nematode worms that colonize insects for food.
Researchers identified two synthetic retinoids, both of which demonstrated the ability to kill methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
Researchers also found that the share of bacterial infections in the US that were antibiotic resistant more than doubled over 13 years.