As a result of international outcry stemming from a Chinese scientist that brought the world’s first genome edited babies, China has established a national committee that will advise on research and ethics regulations.
The biotechnology safety regulations focus on preventing bioterrorism, activities that violate ethics, along with avoiding biosafety hazards.
This report providees researchers and government officials with an understanding of how ethics are created, monitored, and enforced across scientific disciplines and across borders.
The high-resolution view of infectious disease transmission dynamics offered by analyzing whole genomes from pathogens, coupled with widespread data sharing, has created an ‘Internet of pathogens,’ which introduces new threats to patient privacy and protected heath information.
Twin girls whose genomes were editied to make them resistant to HIV might have a shortened life expectancy as people with two disabled copies of the CCR5 gene — which protects against HIV infection — are 21 percent more likely to die before the age of 76 when compared to people with at least one working copy of the gene.
The brains of two genetically edited girls born in China last year may have been changed in ways that enhance cognition and memory, scientists say.
Gene-editing technology - including manipulation of the human germline - is advancing rapidly, yet the standards and regulations to govern its use have not kept pace.
In calling for standards for producing such ‘CRISPR-edited’ babies, leaders have shunted aside a crucial and as-yet-unanswered question: whether it is (or can ever be) acceptable to genetically engineer children by introducing changes that they will pass on to their own offspring.
No editor likes retracting papers unless absolutely necessary, so it stands to reason that they might want to avoid papers that, once subject to scrutiny, will require the nuclear option in scientific corrections.
As they expand the range of human infection studies, researchers are confronting a new set of ethical concerns over acceptable levels of risk and compensation for participants who often live in poor communities with limited opportunities.