Equine Influenza Virus—A Neglected, Reemergent Disease Threat

Equine influenza virus infection risk is not limited to equids; dogs, cats, and humans are susceptible. Equine influenza is spread by direct and indirect contact, and recent epizootics also suggest wind-aided aerosol transmission, and with increased international transport and commerce in horses this could lead to emergent strains and potential global spread.

Bactrian camels shed large quantities of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) after experimental infection*

Dromedary camels play a significant part in the circulation and the zoonotic transmission of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Researchers demonstrated that Bactrian camels are also susceptible to MERS-CoV infection and shed large quantities of infectious virus in nasal secretions.