The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) defines all intentional DNA alterations in animals as drugs.
Scientists have genetically engineered the cells of at least 86 cancer and HIV patients in the country using Crispr-Cas9 technology since 2015.
Like algorithms in software engineering, cells have become intelligent-design material.
Biology has undergone a seismic shift as scientists have embraced gene editing technology.
Gene drives could be ruthlessly aggressive - just a few engineered organisms could irrevocably alter an ecosystem.
What might not look like a security issue in the present, may soon become a threat.
Researchers are taking genes from warthogs resistant to African swine fever (ASF) and inserting them into production swine in an attempt to eradicate ASF.
A Chinese team of researchers has become the first to inject a person with cells that contain genes edited using CRISPR.
The new system consists of biocompatible nanoparticles containing PNAs.
Researchers have created a Cas9 enzyme that cuts DNA only in the presence of particular drug.