The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) program was started during the Cold War to create a group of people who could be quickly deployed to halt outbreaks such as those from, for example, biological weapons. When a health department requests urgent help from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), at least one EIS officer and/or other subject-matter experts travel to the front line.
Since the beginning of the year, more than 40 per cent of new cases are people who died of Ebola in the communities. At the epicenter of the epidemic, in Katwa and Butembo, 43 per cent of patients in the last three weeks were still being infected without known links to other cases.
Some weeks ago, as cases started erupting around two towns, Katwa and Butembo, the investigators found that patient after patient had something else in common: They had all recently visited a health clinic for treatment for some other disease.
Attackers set fire to an Ebola treatment centre run by Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo late on Sunday, February 24, forcing staff to evacuate patients, the charity said.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has teamed up with the U.S.-based Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to collect, analyze and implement new strategies in "real time" to tackle the major concerns of people faced with the disease.
Researchers have begun asking the question of whether patients ought to be preemptively screened for diseases and other health problems after traveling overseas.
For the past 30 years, researchers have been investigating paper-based devices for faster diagnostics because paper-like materials, such as glass fiber and cellulose, are robust and known to function as a pump.
Medical breakthroughs and advances in public health systems have enabled countries to contain the effects of infectious diseases, but these gains are tempered by insecurities from forces in economics, globalization, and synthetic biology.
Although the security sector is a key partner in many specific public health programs, its identity as an important part of the public health endeavor is rarely recognized, resulting in an inadequate approach to research and investigation of ways in which law enforcement can be effectively engaged to actively promote and protect public health.
As the Ebola threat continues to loom around the Uganda-Congoboarder, Uganda Red Cross has trained over 300 Volunteers in communities close to DR-Congo to carry out surveillance and risk communication activities, including screening for all people entering the country.