According to workshop organizers, in the event of global smallpox spread, first responders would need to isolate 70 percent of smallpox patients and track and vaccinate at least 70 percent of their contacts.
Treatment centers will stay open but vaccinations and the tracing of people who have been in contact with suspected Ebola patients have stopped for now.
There is poor public health surveillance in many parts of the world, there aren’t enough vaccines to go around and the international legal framework designed to ensure vaccines get to the poorest countries is not fit for purpose.
The attack on the outskirts of the city of Beni underscored the challenges authorities face in tackling a flare-up of the deadly disease in an active conflict zone stalked by dozens of armed groups.
This interagency (FAO, UNICEF, WHO) toolkit will be useful for anyone wanting to design effective outbreak prevention and control measures in community settings. The toolkit contains a 7-step approach, with corresponding tools, checklists, and templates for designing behavioral and communication interventions that support the development of outbreak prevention and control measures.
A critical concern in stemming this outbreak involves the homes of patients. In a typical Ebola outbreak, for every patient that comes in Doctors Without Borders would send a team to their house to decontaminate it, but in the current outbreak many patients live in areas that are too dangerous to travel to.
The recent Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa demonstrated the vulnerability of the local health care infrastructure to newly emerging infectious diseases.
Instead of recreating the wheel every time it’s necessary, in the aftermath of an outbreak, to analyze the performance, and then prepare for the future accordingly.
In outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases for which no proven efficacious vaccines exist but investigational vaccines have been developed, it is important both to rapidly test the investigational vaccines and, if effective, to deploy them.
Local health officials first suspected the emergence of Ebola after a 65-year-old woman with classic symptoms of the disease, died, and was buried in an unsafe manner, which led to the infection and death of seven of her relatives.