This interagency (FAO, UNICEF, WHO) toolkit will be useful for anyone wanting to design effective outbreak prevention and control measures in community settings. The toolkit contains a 7-step approach, with corresponding tools, checklists, and templates for designing behavioral and communication interventions that support the development of outbreak prevention and control measures.
A critical concern in stemming this outbreak involves the homes of patients. In a typical Ebola outbreak, for every patient that comes in Doctors Without Borders would send a team to their house to decontaminate it, but in the current outbreak many patients live in areas that are too dangerous to travel to.
The recent Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa demonstrated the vulnerability of the local health care infrastructure to newly emerging infectious diseases.
Instead of recreating the wheel every time it’s necessary, in the aftermath of an outbreak, to analyze the performance, and then prepare for the future accordingly.
In outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases for which no proven efficacious vaccines exist but investigational vaccines have been developed, it is important both to rapidly test the investigational vaccines and, if effective, to deploy them.
Local health officials first suspected the emergence of Ebola after a 65-year-old woman with classic symptoms of the disease, died, and was buried in an unsafe manner, which led to the infection and death of seven of her relatives.
On average, in one corner of the world or another, a new infectious disease has emerged every year for the past 30 years: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), Nipah virus, Hendra, and many more.
As a hotspot for emerging and remerging diseases, Africa needs to develop a research base and scientific environment that will help accurately detect, document and monitor a range of pathogens.
The World Health Organization R&D Blueprint aims to accelerate the availability of medical technologies during epidemics by focusing on a list of prioritized emerging diseases for which medical countermeasures are insufficient or nonexistent.
Much has been learned about the links between the degree of preparedness and the effectiveness of response to a breakout of infectious diseases. Being prepared involves vital elements ranging from laboratory surveillance to communication about the risks.