An evaluation of emergency guidelines issued by the World Health Organization in response to four infectious disease outbreaks

The urgent need for guidance and the paucity of structured scientific data on emerging diseases hinder the formulation of evidence-informed recommendations using standard methods and procedures.

Fighting microscopic threats through international collaboration: Health ministers use lessons learned from the 1918 influenza pandemic to strengthen pandemic preparedness and global health security

The Global Health Security Initiatives’ ministerial meeting focused on the need to have a common approach to evidence based, non-pharmaceutical interventions to slow the spread of influenza and on how best to communicate uncertainty and address public risk perception during a public health emergency.