Uzbekistan becomes the second country in 2018 to be certified malaria-free – Paraguay was certified in June.
Researchers have, for the first time, detected the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in India’s rhesus and bonnet monkeys and called for intensive surveillance to determine whether this has any implications for the country’s malaria-control program.
Reductions in malaria cases have stalled after several years of decline globally, according to the new World malaria report 2018. To get the reduction in malaria deaths and disease back on track, the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners are joining a new country-led response to scale up prevention and treatment, and increase investment, to protect vulnerable people from the deadly disease.
This increase occurred amidst a massive decline in the number of people protected by indoor residual spraying: 2.7 million people in 2015 compared to roughly 30,000 in 2016.
CRISPR–Cas9 nucleases have been applied in gene drive constructs to target endogenous sequences of the human malaria vectorsA. gambiae and A. stephensi with the objective of vector control.
Researchers have identified compounds that could prevent malaria parasites from being able to infect mosquitoes, halting the spread of disease.
The parasite Plasmodium vivax sickens approximately 75 million people a year in Asia and the Americas. New genetic evidence shows how the parasite might have gotten its start: in African ape and human populations, before hitching a ride off the continent with early human migrants.
The kit is designed to pick up a range of pathogens in humans, animals and plants, but it will first be used to detect malaria.
Substantial reductions in malaria incidence in sub-Saharan Africa have been achieved with massive deployment of long-lasting insecticidal nets, but pyrethroid resistance threatens control
Paraguay is the first South American country to eradicate malaria, but cases in neighboring countries are mounting.