Risk assessment of Ebola virus disease spreading in Uganda using a two-layer temporal network

Researchers presented a novel method for risk assessment based on a two-layer temporal network. The method has the ability to assess the risk of Ebola virus disease spreading. Simulation results from the two-layer temporal network confirmed that reduced physical contact with people while travelling along with other preventive measures decreases the risk of Ebola spreading.

Complexity of the Basic Reproduction Number (R0)

The basic reproduction number (R0), also called the basic reproduction ratio or rate or the basic reproductive rate, is an epidemiologic metric used to describe the contagiousness or transmissibility of infectious agents. R0 is affected by numerous biological, socio-behavioral, and environmental factors that govern pathogen transmission and, therefore, is usually estimated with various types of complex mathematical models, which make R0 easily misrepresented, misinterpreted, and misapplied.