The National Biodefense Strategy considers that biological threats are among the most serious potential threats facing the US and the international community and recognizes that it is a vital interest of the United States to manage the risks arising from such threats.
This paper discusses the oversight and control of technology transfers and the promotion of technological development.
This document provides a comprehensive list and discussion of arms control policies and treaties as pertains to the US.
This report provides a picture of the risks and challenges posed by this convergence. It analyses the extent to which concerns arising from new technological developments can be dealt with through existing governance mechanisms.
Advances in additive manufacturing, artificial intelligence and robotics could increase the possibilities for the development, production and use of biological weapons.
This position paper sets out the NGO community’s collective views on key action points for the 2018 Meetings of Experts.
Whereas, in the past, the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) was rather a ‘monolith’ in the landscape of international measures against biological weapons, it has now evolved into a hub with a wider network of different actors working on its practical implementation.
Multilateral disarmament and arms control treaties and national measures deriving from these and from international humanitarian law, such as export controls, criminal sanctions and reviews pursuant to Article 36 of the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions, are poorly adapted to dealing with evolving systems that transcend traditional weapon classifications.
There is no common definition of proliferation financing.
This study surveys science and technology (S&T) trends relevant to the effective implementation of the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC).