Since 2013, the H7N9 avian influenza A virus (AIV) has caused human infections and to the extent of now surpassing H5N1.
The pandemic occurred before the age of molecular virology. Back then it wasn’t even known what caused influenza; influenza viruses were first detected in 1930. In the decades that followed, though, it was recognized that the pandemic was caused by an influenza A virus of the H1N1 subtype. In the late 1990s, U.S. army scientists found and deciphered the virus’s genetic code.
The idea that major cities and their airports are important drivers of worldwide contagion makes intuitive sense, and it’s supported by mathematical models. But models don’t always reflect reality.
This software allows laboratory directors and emergency planners to estimate the daily number of specimens expected to be received for testing and the laboratory’s testing capacity during each pandemic stage.
This software allows users to simulate the effects of various interventions – including vaccination, school closure, facemasks, and patient isolation – on the spread of an influenza pandemic.
This spreadsheet allows hospital administrators and emergency planners to estimate hospitalizations and deaths during an influenza pandemic and to compare existing hospital capacity to expected numbers of patients needing hospitalization, intensive care, and ventilator support.
This workbook was designed to assist hospitals in coordinating the care of pediatric patients during an influenza pandemic. The workbook guides hospitals in thinking about needed actions to inform their preparedness planning.
This document provides guidelines to hospitals to prepare for an influenza pandemic. It includes a summary of recommended actions and their triggers, checklists, sample response guides, and general background information.
This toolkit consists of a Pandemic Influenza Triage Algorithm to triage patients with influenza-like illness, a Community Site-of Care Tool to determine the appropriate care site for patients based on the Pandemic Influenza Triage Algorithm, and the Community Healthcare Decision Pathway to assess resource and medical surge to determine appropriate care sites.
This guide is intended to assist community hospitals in identifying issues with response capabilities and resource availability during an influenza pandemic as well as to develop strategies to address them.