Efficacy of an Adjuvanted Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Spike Protein Vaccine in Dromedary Camels and Alpacas

Research found that vaccination with an adjuvanted Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) Spike protein subunit vaccine confers complete protection from MERS disease in alpaca and results in reduced and delayed viral shedding in the upper airways of dromedary camels. Together, these data indicate that induction of robust neutralizing humoral immune responses by vaccination of naïve animals reduces shedding that potentially could diminish the risk of zoonotic transmission.

Global status of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in dromedary camels: a systematic review

The review compiled and analyzed all published data on Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in the global camel population to provide an overview of current knowledge on the distribution, spread and risk factors of infections in dromedary camels.

Experimental Zika virus infection of Jamaican fruit bats (Artibeus jamaicensis) and possible entry of virus into brain via activated microglial cells

Zika virus (ZIKV) is transmitted to humans by Aedes sp. mosquitoes, yet little is known about its enzootic cycle in which transmission is thought to occur between arboreal Aedes sp. mosquitos and non-human primates.

Pathogen research could aid prediction, response to anthrax and other epidemic diseases

Scientists will conduct research in two national parks in southern Africa that differ in the timing and severity of anthrax outbreaks. They will investigate the roles of host, pathogen and environment to understand how the pathogen-host interaction evolves and contributes to the differences in anthrax occurrences in the two study areas.