What Have We Learned About Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Emergence in Humans? A Systematic Literature Review

There has been substantial MERS-CoV research since 2012, but significant knowledge gaps persist, especially in epidemiology and natural history of the infection. There have been few rigorous studies of baseline prevalence, transmission, and spectrum of disease.

Role of Backyard Flocks in Transmission Dynamics of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Clade 2.3.4.4, France, 2016–2017

Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) clade 2.3.4.4 spread in France during 2016–2017. Researchers assessed the biosecurity and avian influenza virus infection status of 70 backyard flocks near H5N8-infected commercial farms. Backyard flocks linked to commercial farms had elevated risk for H5 infection.

Understanding humans – the key to African swine fever control

Humans act as a main driver of disease transmission, responsible for African swine fever virus introduction to domestic pig farms and long-distance transmission jumps. By transporting contaminated meat and discarding meat products so that they end up as waste or kitchen leftovers in pig stables or in nature inhabited by wild boar.