In October, the first mosquito-transmitted, locally acquired cases of Zika virus were reported in Europe. This has implications far beyond the three people affected and represents a new phase in the global Zika threat.
An unknown outbreak of the Zika virus swept across Cuba in 2017, a year after the global health emergency was declared over.
A study conducted in Brazil shows that Zika virus infections in pregnant women are linked to below-average neurologic development in 32 percent of their children.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has permitted the first test to locate Zika antibodies in human blood to be marketed. This is the first Zika diagnostic test authorized for marketing in the US.
Investigators from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health within the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration emphasized that there is a risk of Zika exposure for those working in the lab setting. The agencies received reports of three Zika virus exposure incidents related to occupational exposure in a lab setting during the period of heightened disease transmission around the world.
Research shows that Zika virus has circulated at a low but sustained level for at least 16 years, suggesting that Zika virus can adapt to persistent endemic transmission. Health systems need to adapt to cope with regular occurrences of the severe complications associated with infection.
The clinical outcomes associated with Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas have been well documented, but other aspects of the pandemic, such as attack rates and risk factors, are poorly understood.
As several Zika virus vaccine candidates undergo clinical trials, a group of investigators is taking an alternate approach to quell transmission by genetically engineering mosquitoes to be resistant to the virus.
Zika virus (ZIKV) is transmitted to humans by Aedes sp. mosquitoes, yet little is known about its enzootic cycle in which transmission is thought to occur between arboreal Aedes sp. mosquitos and non-human primates.
Researchers identified space-time clusters of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, to understand the dynamics and interaction between these simultaneously circulating arboviruses in a densely populated and heterogeneous city.